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Cardiopulmonary resuscitation (CPR) for Laymen

CPR is a lifesaving technique during emergency situations, including a hear attack or near drowning in which someone’s breathing or heartbeat stopped. Most people who experience cardiac arrest at home, or in a public location die because they don't receive immediate CPR from someone on the scene. As a bystander, don't be afraid. Your actions can help.  Immediate CPR can double or even triple a person's chance of survival.

Before you begin make sure to check the following:

  • Survey the scene, Always make sure of your safety first then the victim
  • Check if the person is conscious or unconscious
  • If the person is conscious shake or tap her/him and ask if she/he is okay
  • If the person is unconscious call for help or if someone is  around.  Ask them to call local emergency services
  • Check for the pulse if no pulse start chest compressions


Cardiopulmonary resuscitation Image credits to www.drugs.com

Chest compressions

  1. Put the person on his or her back on a firm surface.
  2. Kneel next to the person's neck and shoulders.
  3. Place the heel of one hand over the center of the person's chest, between the nipples. Place your other hand on top of the first hand. Keep your elbows straight and position your shoulders directly above your hands.
  4. Use your upper body weight as you push straight down on (compress) the chest at least 2 inches hard at a rate of 100 to 120 compressions a minute.
  5.  Continue chest compressions until there are signs of movement or until emergency medical personnel take over, go on to opening the airway and rescue breathing.
Cardiopulmonary resuscitation

Airway: Open the airway

After performing 30 chest compressions, open the person's airway using the head-tilt, chin-lift maneuver. Put your palm on the person's forehead and gently tilt the head back. Then with the other hand, gently lift the chin forward to open the airway.

Cardiopulmonary resuscitation

Breathing: Breathe for the person

Rescue breathing can be mouth-to-mouth breathing or mouth-to-nose breathing if the mouth is seriously injured or can't be opened.

Cardiopulmonary resuscitation

  1. With the airway open, pinch the nostrils shut for mouth-to-mouth breathing and cover the person's mouth with yours, making a seal.
  2. Prepare to give two rescue breaths. Give the first rescue breath lasting one second and watch to see if the chest rises. If it does rise, give the second breath. If the chest doesn't rise, repeat the head-tilt, chin-lift maneuver and then give the second breath. Thirty chest compressions followed by two rescue breaths is considered one cycle. 
  3. Resume chest compressions to restore circulation.
  4. Continue CPR and the cycle until there are signs of movement or emergency medical personnel takes over.





Authored By
McGuy is a registered nurse same time a writer/editor for a blog


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